Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Far more commonly, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people from the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs. Many zenske pidzame people choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got from time to time bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown best above shorts or limited pants.
Pajamas could nowadays confer with Gals's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.